some of the oldest
evidence for modern humans is found in ethiopia.
haimanotours takes you to all attraction areas in ethiopia.
which is widely considered the region from which homo sapiens first set out
for the middle east and points beyond. tracing its
roots to the 2nd millennium bce, ethiopia was a monarchy for most of its history.
during the first centuries of the common era the kingdom of aksum maintained a unified
civilization in the region.
ethiopia derived prestige for its uniquely successful military resistance
during the late 19th-century scramble for africa,
and subsequently many african nations adopted the colors of ethiopia's flag
following their independence. ethiopia was the only african country to defeat a
european colonial power and retain its sovereignty as an independent country. it
was the first independent african member of the 20th-century league of nations and the un. in 1974, at
the end of haile selassie i's reign, power fell to a
communist military junta
known as the derg, backed by the soviet union, until it was defeated by the
eprdf, which has ruled since about the
time of the collapse of the ussr in 1991.
ethiopia is a multilingual
society with around 80 ethnic groups, with the two largest being the oromo and the amhara. it is the origin of the coffee
bean. ethiopia is a land of natural contrasts; with its vast fertile west,
jungles, and numerous rivers, the world's hottest settlement in its
north, africa's largest continuous
mountain ranges and the largest cave in africa at sof omar. ethiopia has the most unesco world heritage sites in africa. ethiopia's ancient ge'ez script, also known as ethiopic, is
one of the oldest alphabets still in use in the world. it shares many
similarities with the armenian alphabet.
the ethiopian calendar,
which is seven years and about three months behind the gregorian calendar,
co-exists alongside the oromo calendar.
the majority of the population is christian and a third is muslim; the country
is the site of the first hijra in islamic history and the oldest
muslim settlement in africa at negash. a substantial
population of ethiopian jews, known as beta israel, resided in ethiopia until the
1980s but most of them have since gradually emigrated to israel.
ethiopia is one of the founding members of the un, the non-aligned
african unity, with addis ababa serving as the headquarters of the african union, the pan african chamber of commerce and industry, the uneca, african aviation training hq, the african standby
force and much of global ngos focused on africa. despite being the
main source of the nile, the longest river on earth, ethiopia
underwent a series of famines in the 1980s, exacerbated by civil wars and
adverse geopolitics. the country has begun to recover recently, and it now has
the largest economy by gdp in east africa and central africa.
properties inscribed on the world heritage list (9)
fasil ghebbi, gondar region (1979)
harar jugol, the fortified historic town (2006)
konso cultural landscape (2011)
lower valley of the awash (1980)
lower valley of the omo (1980)
rock-hewn churches, lalibela (1978)
simien national park (1978)
properties submitted on the tentative list (5)
bale mountains national park (2008)
dirre sheik hussein religious, cultural and historical
holqa sof omar: natural and cultural heritage (sof omar:
caves of mystery) (2011)
gedeo mixed cultural and natural landscape (2012)
melka kunture and bachilt archaeological site (2012)